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  • ON THE DISAPPEARANCE OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN LOW-LUMINOSITY ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI: THE ROLE OF...

ON THE DISAPPEARANCE OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN LOW-LUMINOSITY ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI: THE ROLE OF THE OUTFLOWS FROM ADVECTION DOMINATED ACCRETION FLOWS

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By Samuel George 3814 days ago
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/724/2/855/fulltext

The broad-line region (BLR) disappears in many low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (AGNs), the reason of which is still controversial. The BLRs in AGNs are believed to be associated with the outflows from the accretion disks. Most of the low-luminosity AGNs contain advection-dominated accretion flows (ADAFs) which are very hot and have a positive Bernoulli parameter. ADAFs are therefore associated with strong outflows. We estimate the cooling of the outflows from the ADAFs and find that the gases in such hot outflows cannot always be cooled efficiently by bremsstrahlung radiation. The ADAF may co-exist with the standard disk, i.e., the inner ADAF connects to the outer thin accretion disk at radius R d,tr in the sources accreting at slightly lower than the critical rate $\dot{m}_{\rm crit}$ ($\dot{m}=\dot{M}/\dot{M}_{\rm Edd}$). For the ADAFs with L bol/L Eddgsim 0.001, a secondary small inner cold disk is suggested to co-exist with the ADAF due to the condensation process. We estimate the Compton cooling of the outflow, of which the soft seed photons either come from the outer cold disk or the secondary inner cold disk. It is found that the gas in the outflow far from the ADAF may be efficiently cooled to form BLR clouds due to the soft seed photons emitted from the cold disks, provided the transition radius of the ADAF to the outer cold disk is small [r d,tr = R d,tr/(2GM/c 2) lsim 20] or/and the secondary small cold disk has a luminosity L sdgsim 0.003 L Edd. The BLR clouds can still be formed in the outflows from the outer cold thin disks, if the transition radius r tr is not very large. For the sources with L bol/L Eddlsim 0.001, the inner small cold disk is evaporated completely in the ADAF and the outer thin accretion disk may be suppressed by the ADAF, which leads to the disappearance of the BLR. The physical implications of this scenario on the double-peaked broad-line emitters are also discussed.